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IELTS EXAMINATION PAPER

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听力
Listening Part
30 Questions
18mins
写作
Writing Part
10 Questions
20mins
阅读
Reading Part
10 Questions
30mins

Information for Answering:

There are 3 pieces of listening materials from Questions 1-30 and you will hear each material only once.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Click 'Start test' when you are ready
Start test
Listening
播放按钮

00:00 / 00:00

SECTION 1

Questions 1-10

Questions 1-4
Complete the notes below

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Dreamtime travel agency
Tour information

Example

Holiday name

Answer

Whale Watch Experience

Holiday length

2 days

Type of transportation

1

Maximum group size

2

Next tour date

3

Hotel name

4 The

Questions 5and6
Choose Two letters A-E

Which Two things are included in the price of the tour?

Afishing trip

Bguided bushwalk

Creptile park entry

Dtable tennis

Etennis

Questions 7-10
Complete the sentences below

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer

7 The tour costs $

8 Bookings must be made no later than

days in advance.
9 A

deposit is required
10 The customer’s reference number is

Listening
播放按钮

00:00 / 00:00

SECTION 2

Questions11-20

Questions 11-15
Complete the notes below

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer

TYPE OF HELP

EXAMPLES

FINANCIAL

Grants 11

12

Type of transportation

ACADEMIC

13

Using the library

14

15

Questions 16-20
Complete the notes below

Write NUMBERS OR NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer

HELPLINE DETAILS

Officer

Jackle 16

Address

Student Welfare Office 13 Marshall Road

Telephone number

17

Opening hours

9:30am-6pm(weekdays)

18

(Saturdays)

Ring or visit office for

19

N.B. AT peak times there may be a

20

Listening
播放按钮

00:00 / 00:00

SECTION 3

Questions 21-30

Questions 21-24
Complete the notes below

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

DETAILS OF ASSIGNMENT

Part 1

Essay

Title: ‘Assess the two main methods of

21

In social science research

Length 22

Part 2

Small-scale study

Choose one method.

Gather data from at least 23

subjects.

Part 3

Number of words: 24

Questions 25 and 26
Choose TWO letters A-E

What TWO disadvantages of the questionnaire form of data collection do the students discuss?

AThe data is sometimes invalid

BIt is less likely to reveal the unexpected

CIt can only be used with literate populations

Dtable tennis

EThere is a delay between the distribution and return of questionnaires

Questions 27-30
Complete the sentences below

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER for each answer.

AUTHOR
TITLE
PUBLISHER
YEAR OF
PUBLICATION

27

‘Sample Surveys in Social Science Research’
Bell

28

29

Wilson
‘Interviews that
work’
Oxford University Press

30

Reading

You Should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 31-44. Which are based on Reading Passage 3 below

Forests are one of the main elements of our natural heritage. The decline of Europe’s forests over the last decade and a hall has led to an increasing awareness and understanding of the serious imbalances which threaten them. European countries are becoming increasingly concerned by major treats to European forests, threats which know no frontier other than those of geography or climate:air pollution, soil deterioration, the increasing number of forest fires and sometimes even the mismanagement of our woodland and forest heritage. There has been a growing awareness of the need for countries to get together to co-ordinate their policies. In December 1990, Strasbourg hosted the first Ministerial Conference on the protection of Europe’s forests. The conference brought together 31 countries from both Western and Eastern Europe.The topics discussed included the co-ordinated study of the destruction of forests, as well as how to combat forest fires and the extension of European research programs on the forest ecosystem. The preparatory work for the conference had been undertaken at two meetings of experts. Their initial task was to decide which of the many forest problems of concern to Europe involved the largest number of countries and might be the subject of joint action. Those confined to particular geographical areas, such as countries bordering the Mediterranean or the Nordic countries therefore had to be discarded. However, this does not mean that in future they will be ignored.

As a whole, European countries see forests as performing a triple function: biological, economic and recreational. The first is to act as a 'green lung' for our planet; by means of photosynthesis, forests produce oxygen through the transformation of solar energy, thus fulfilling what for humans is the essential role of an immense, non-polluting power plant. At the same time, forests provide raw materials for human activities through their constantly renewed production of wood. Finally, they offer those condemned to spend five days a week in an urban environment an unrivalled area of freedom to unwind and take part in a range of leisure activities, such as hunting, riding and hiking. The economic importance of forests has been understood since the dawn of man - wood was the first fuel. The other aspects have been recognised only for a few centuries but they are becoming more and more important. Hence, there is a real concern throughout Europe about the damage to the forest environment which threatens these three basic roles.

The myth of the 'natural' forest has survived, yet there are effectively no remaining 'primary' forests in Europe. All European forests are artificial, having been adapted and exploited by man for thousands of years. This means that a forest policy is vital, that it must transcend national frontiers and generations of people, and that it must allow for the inevitable changes that take place in the forests, in needs, and hence in policy. The Strasbourg conference was one of the first events on such a scale to reach this conclusion. A general declaration was made that 'a central place in any ecologically coherent forest policy must be given to continuity over time and to the possible effects of unforeseen events, to ensure that the full potential of these forests is maintained'.

That general declaration was accompanied by six detailed resolutions to assist national policy-making. The first proposes the extension and systematization of surveillance sites to monitor forest decline. Forest decline is still poorly understood but leads to the loss of a high proportion of a tree's needles or leaves. The entire continent and the majority of species are now affected: between 30%and 50% of the tree population. The condition appears to result from the cumulative effect of a number of factors, with atmospheric pollutants the principal culprits. Compounds of nitrogen and sulphur dioxide should be particularly closely watched. However, their effects are probably accentuated by climatic factors, such as drought and hard winters, or soil imbalances such as soil acidification, which damages the roots. The second resolution concentrates on the need to preserve the genetic diversity of European forests. The aim is to reverse the decline in the number of tree species or at least to preserve the 'genetic material' of all of them. Although forest fires do not affect all of Europe to the same extent, the amount of damage caused the experts to propose as the third resolution that the Strasbourg conference consider the establishment of a European databank on the subject. All information used in the development of national preventative policies would become generally available. The subject of the fourth resolution discussed by the ministers was mountain forests. In Europe, it is undoubtedly the mountain ecosystem which has changed most rapidly and is most at risk. A thinly scattered permanent population and development of leisure activities, particularly skiing, have resulted in significant long-term changes to the local ecosystems. Proposed developments include a preferential research program on mountain forests. The fifth resolution relaunched the European research network on the physiology of trees, called Eurosilva. Eurosilva should support joint European research on tree diseases and their physiological and biochemical aspects. Each country concerned could increase the number of scholarships and other financial support for doctoral theses and research projects in this area. Finally, the conference established the framework for a European research network on forest ecosystems. This would also involve harmonising activities in individual countries as well as identifying a number of priority research topics relating to the protection of forests. The Strasbourg conference's main concern was to provide for the future. This was the initial motivation, one now shared by all 31 participants representing 31European countries. Their final text commits them to on-going discussion between government representatives with responsibility for forests.

Questions 31 - 44

Questions 31-37
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3? In boxes 31-37 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

31 Forest problems of Mediterranean countries are to be discussed at the next meeting of experts.

A TRUE B FALSE C NOT GIVEN

32 Problems in Nordic countries were excluded because they are outside the European Economic Community.

A TRUE B FALSE C NOT GIVEN

33 Forests are a renewable source of raw material.

A TRUE B FALSE C NOT GIVEN

34 The biological functions of forests were recognised only in the twentieth century.

A TRUE B FALSE C NOT GIVEN

35 Natural forests still exist in parts of Europe.

A TRUE B FALSE C NOT GIVEN

36 Forest policy should be limited by national boundaries.

A TRUE B FALSE C NOT GIVEN

37 The Strasbourg conference decided that a forest policy must allow for the possibility of change.

A TRUE B FALSE C NOT GIVEN
Questions 38-43

Look at the following statements issued by the conference.

Which six of the following statements, A-J, refer to the resolutions that were issued?

Match the statements with the appropriate resolutions (Questions 38-43).

Write the correct letter, A-J, in boxes 38-43 on your answer sheet.

A All kinds of species of trees should be preserved.

B Fragile mountain forests should be given priority in research programs.

C The surviving natural forests of Europe do not need priority treatment.

D Research is to be better co-ordinated throughout Europe.

E Information on forest fires should be collected and shared.

F Loss of leaves from trees should be more extensively and carefully monitored.

G Resources should be allocated to research into tree diseases.

H Skiing should be encouraged in thinly populated areas.

I Soil imbalances such as acidification should be treated with compounds of nitrogen and sulphur.

J Information is to be systematically gathered on any decline in the condition of forests.

38 Resolution 1

39 Resolution 2

40 Resolution 3

41 Resolution 4

42 Resolution 5

43 Resolution 6

第38题

A B C D E F
G H I J

第39题

A B C D E F
G H I J

第40题

A B C D E F
G H I J

第41题

A B C D E F
G H I J

第42题

A B C D E F
G H I J

第43题

A B C D E F
G H I J

Questions 44

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write the correct letter in box 44 on your answer sheet.

44 What is the best title for Reading Passage 3?

A   The biological, economic and recreational role of forests

B   Plans to protect the forests of Europe

C   The priority of European research into ecosystems

D   Proposals for a world-wide policy on forest management

第44题

A B C D

Writing Task

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

Many people think having enough money bring happiness but others think too much money can bring problems.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Questions 45

Questions 45
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